What is Scoliosis ?
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine bends abnormally sideways (left or right) to form a “S” or a “C”-shaped curvature and sometimes accompanied with the rotation of the vertebra and the rib cage resulting in a progressive 3-dimensional deformation of the spine.
Key Pointers related to Scoliosis :-
Scoliosis affects between 2 to 3% of the population.
Among the most severe scoliosis cases, 8 out of 10 cases are young females.
Idiopathic scoliosis tends to run in families although up to date no genetic links has been confirmed.
Idiopathic scoliosis tends to run in families although up to date no genetic links has been confirmed.
Scoliosis is a progressive condition which can continue into maturity. As such, it must be monitored aggressively and treated as early as possible, preferably before the curve reaches 30 degrees.
What is Idiopathic Scoliosis
Different Age Groups of Idiopathic Scoliosis
It begins in childhood or adolescence, occurring at various ages. Most common in adolescence when there is a large growth spurt occurring.
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)
Occurs after age 10 and is more common in females but can occur in males.
Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis (JIS)
Occurs in children from ages 3 to 9 years old.
Early Onset/Infantile Scoliosis (EOS)
Occurs in infants from birth to 3 years old. Although the condition is rare, it can severely interfere with lungs function and growth. It may be a result from an abnormally shaped vertebrae at birth (congenital), various syndromes, neurological disorders, or unknown reasons (idiopathic)
Adult Scoliosis :-
Pre-existing during adolescence, then in adulthood it is known as adolescent scoliosis in adult (ASA)
Development of scoliosis in adults as a result of spinal degeneration known as Degenerative de-novoscoliosis (DDS)